Archive for February, 2014|Monthly archive page



A reading from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah 49:14-15

A reading from the first Letter of St. Paul to the Corinthians 4:1-5

A reading from the holy Gospel according to Matthew 6:24-34

A recent Powerball Lotto jackpot exceeded $300 million.  A friend and I regularly have morning coffees together.  He asked me what I would do if I were to win such a prize.  I laughed and said that I would have to buy a ticket before I would have a chance at winning.  He persisted and said, “Okay, so you bought a ticket and it had the lucky numbers.  What would you do with all that money?”

Remember Tevya’s fantasizing in “Fiddler on the Roof?”  In his song, “If I were a rich man…” Tevya could only come up with frivolous ways to spend his wealth and that included the building of a staircase that went nowhere just for fun.  So I fantasized, too, for a few moments, musing on what I would do with sudden and newfound wealth.  I came to the conclusion that I would like to be able to do things for people who are in really desperate straits.  And I would probably clear the mortgage on my house.  But as I said, I would have to buy a ticket first.

This Sunday we are at that point in The Sermon on the Mount where in Jesus asks us where our hearts are.  What do we worry about?  What is important to us?  Where does God fit into all of that?  There are those who proclaim that God is a god of bounty who shows love by showering wealth on the chosen ones.  Perhaps I could accept that if I were one of the wealthy; but since that is not so, I am more inclined to identify with those who know a poverty that I can only imagine.  I believe that God loves the poor, those whose only wealth is their faith in God.

A treasured memory of mine is the time I was privileged to spend in Kenya and Uganda.  There I encountered genuine poverty, the kind that I was powerless to do anything about.  At that time in Kenya, only 12% of the men were employed.  Their average monthly wage was $23.  Two generations of people were dying from HIV/AIDS.  For the first time in the country’s recorded history there were street kids.  The unemployed men tended to stand about in clusters while the women toiled and cared for the children, eking out crops from thirsty gardens and carrying home piles of thatch that would serve as fuel for fires in their cooking corners.

Imagine the embarrassment my group of friends and I felt when we were invited to dinner and there were served a lavish banquet that included three kinds of meat along with plantain and lush greens.  We sat to table knowing that these same hosts felt fortunate if they were able to have a bit of meat even once a month.

We were privileged to celebrate Eucharist with the Kenyans.  They danced and clapped their hands in the entrance procession and sang hymns with gusto, giving evidence of their joy in the Lord and their love for one another in the assembly.  Many of them had walked for a day and a half to get to the church.  They would have the same journey by foot back home.  They didn’t mind if the homily exceeded 10 minutes, or if Mass went on for an hour-and-a-half.  Sunday Eucharist was the center of their lives.  There was no doubt that they trusted in God.  They knew that God would provide the essentials for them as Jesus promises in the Gospel today.  They believed that because they had survived the past week.  They were willing to enter the new week with confidence, i.e., with faith.  Having buried so many of their families and friends, they remained convinced that their true treasure awaited them with God in heaven.

Recently I read an advertisement promoting the sale of some new condominiums in New York City.  The smallest units on the lowest floor started at well over a million dollars.  A few of the listings had a red slash-mark through them that indicated they had already been sold.  Even in these down times there are people who can afford that kind of luxurious living.  What is even more amazing is the fact that some people have more than one mansion so that they don’t have to spend the entire year in one location.  A senator was asked how many homes he owned.  He had to confess he couldn’t remember the count.  All that is beyond my powers of imagination.

No wonder the wealthy tend to associate with the wealthy and to live in exclusive and gated communities.  That way they can have a fortress around their wealth and be deluded into thinking that their wealth is nothing extraordinary.  Making sure to associate with others of similar wealth keeps the poor at a distance and helps them to conclude that if only the poor worked harder as the wealthy do, wealth could be theirs as well.  You’ve heard it.  The chasm grows wider with many fewer on one side than on the other.

Imagine a group of Kenyans sitting near a group of the elite as Jesus speaks.  Do you think they would hear the same message?  We know from other places in the Gospel that some who came to Jesus seeking to become disciples went away sad when Jesus challenged them to go and sell what they had and give to the poor before they came and followed him.  That challenge would not bother a Kenyan at all.  Hear the difference?

It is a delusion to think that it is easy to be Jesus’ disciple.  Mahatma Gandhi is reported to have said in effect that he loved Christ; it was Christians he couldn’t stand.  Could that have been because, knowing Christ’s basic teachings, he had so little experience of Christians who practiced Christianity, who took it seriously enough that it governed how they treated other people?

Hear Pope Francis’s calling for a poorer church serving the needs of the poor.  Of course he came from poverty, lived in the midst of it, and never forgot his origins.

So, is Jesus saying that wealth is evil and the rich cannot enter heaven?  An adage has often been misquoted.  You’ve heard it, haven’t you?  “Money is the root of all evil.”  Actually, what Paul wrote to Timothy was: “The LOVE of money is the root of all evil.”  What occasioned Paul’s remark was the fact that some in Timothy’s community were lusting after money and had given up the practice of faith in their pursuit of money.  Paul was concerned for Timothy that he might succumb to the same temptations.  He knew well wealth’s seductive powers and its powers to corrupt.

We can think of poor Mr. Madoff and those at the top in the Enron disaster and others who have bilked the vulnerable for their own gain.

Each of us must hear Jesus and then decide how to respond.  Dare we ask ourselves what we treasure?  “Where your treasure is, there will your heart be,” Jesus said.  What do we hold in highest value?  To what do we cling?  If it is things, even the poor can fall victim here.  They can clutch to the little they have and be oblivious to the needs of the other poor around them.

I remember a friend who practiced tithing.  For much of his adult life he had been of comfortable means.  His tithes had been considerable.  His pastors felt blessed to have him as a parishioner.  Then his fortunes changed.  In a moment no longer could he be described as wealthy.  Some would have said he was poor.  But, in his new poverty, he continued to tithe.  That was always the first calculation he made on payday as he sat with his bills.  He told me that he took a deep gulp the first time in the new regimen when he wrote his tithing check from his reduced income.  “You know what?” he said.  “When I tithe, there always seems to be more than I had before I tithed.  Strange, isn’t it?”

“But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness.”  That is Jesus’ way of asking us what is most important in our lives.  We will only seek the kingdom of God, that is, desire to have God reign in our lives, if there is a holy longing.  We must come to recognize that emptiness that only God can fill.  If we live in constant noise, every appetite satiated, and if we are inundated with things, we just might not notice the emptiness.  We are supposed to have a hunger as we approach the Eucharistic Table.  There is a reason why we present ourselves empty-handed.

In the final years of his life, Frank Sinatra reconciled with the Church.  His marriage to Barbara Marx was convalidated, or blessed.  Some Catholics voiced considerable outrage expressed to the editors of Catholic publications including the one I edited for a time.  It was clear that many hadn’t heard what Paul tells us in today’s second reading: Therefore, do not make any judgment before the appointed time until the Lord comes, for he will bring to light what is hidden in darkness and will manifest the motives of our hearts.  How could a man with Mr. Sinatra’s history be welcomed back by the Catholic Church?  What some will never learn is that a person’s history is between that one and God.  And more – we are a community of sinners – forgiven – but sinners nonetheless.  Again hear Pope Francis’s most famous remark to date: “Who am I to judge?”

There is a lot about each one of us that no one else knows.  We profess to be sinners each time we enter into Liturgy.  When people from outside our numbers think of us Catholics, do they think we are a people who believe in the grace of repentance?  Do they think of us as a people who never tire of welcoming back those who have wandered elsewhere?  Do they think that among our primary messages is: “All are welcome here because God loves all people?”  Don’t you have to wonder how King David would have fared in today’s Church?  Could he have known forgiveness and acceptance and continued to be king?

We do believe in forgiveness, don’t we, forgiveness for others’ sins in addition to that for our own?  In any event, I remember being told by someone who knew Frank Sinatra, that he was a very generous man.  When he was moved by a story of desperation, he would contact the person in need and contribute substantially to ease the situation with the condition that no one was ever to know the source of the money.  How many people thanked God for the blessing that Mr. Sinatra was in their lives?

So we sit on the Mountain and listen and are immersed in the words that flow over us from the one who is seated and teaches with authority.  Dare we listen?  Dare we change and become disciples?

Remember, there will be Food and Drink to strengthen us for the journey.





From the Book of Leviticus 19:1-2, 17-18

From the first Letter of Saint Paul to the Corinthians 3:16-23

From the holy Gospel according to Matthew 5:38-48


Each Sunday as I watch the Catechumens as they are called up before the Assembly to be sent forth to continue to ponder the Liturgy of the Word, I wonder what they are thinking.  That is especially true when demanding and life altering readings such as this week’s have been proclaimed.  How many of them are stunned and ask themselves, “Who can do these things?”  “Surely these texts put forth exaggerations, impossible to carry out, so that the hearer can pare them down and improve behaviors somewhat.”  Some in the Assembly may be thinking in the same manner.

The truth is what Jesus preaches to the disciples, to those who have decided to be his followers, doesn’t offer much wiggle room.  Discipleship is all demanding.  Disciples are to be a new creation whose manner of living and acting can only be explained by their imitation of Jesus and his living within them.  The Catechumens are on a journey that lasts at least a complete Liturgical Cycle so that they can hear and respond to a complete Gospel.  Only when they have heard the full challenge that Jesus issues will they be able to accept discipleship and enter the Waters to die to the old self and rise to their new life in Christ.  When they say Yes at that point they are ready, with the help of the Spirit, to be Christ’s presence in the world, that is, to live their Baptismal Priesthood.

In the first reading, through Moses, God calls the people to be holy, for I, the Lord, your God, am holy.  Expressions of that holiness are the rooting out of hatred and revenge toward their brothers and sisters.  The call is to love your neighbor as yourself.  With all charity, when it is necessary, be a corrective force in the community but always with kindness.  In other words, set the standard and live by it.  When you think about it, and as you look back over the lives of the saints, living the implications of the reading from Leviticus was their path to sainthood.

Jesus builds on Moses’s proclamation and takes us beyond them.  The walls of limitation come down and these directions are not only applicable to our relationships with family and friends, but also to our manner of responding to enemies and those who hate us.  That may seem fine in abstraction.  But put flesh and blood on what Jesus is demanding in terms of people in your own life who have adversely affected you, and you might come to a different conclusion.  Who can do this?

Revenge is a fairly basic human instinct.  If someone hits you, the instinct is to hit him back in self-defense.  Who could blame you for that?  Get the picture clear in your mind; see the person who has hurt you in this way.  Now imagine yourself turning the other cheek, submitting to another blow.  How easy is that?  Who can do that?

The truth is, the Law allowed for one to retaliate in a manner equal to the offense, but not harsher than that.  An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.  Turning the other cheek translates into offer no defense; give no retaliation.  Think of that moment in Jesus’ passion when he is being scourged, spat upon, and struck in the face.  There is nothing in the text that hints at self-defense or striking back.  Jesus may ask why he is being struck but there is not a hint of revenge.  Now hear that phrase that Jesus uses in teaching the disciples.  You go and do likewise.

When we are being imposed upon, Jesus expects us, as disciples, to go beyond what is being demanded.  The consequence of that is the removal of anything that would hint at resentment for being asked for assistance or a ride.  Are your teeth beginning to grind yet?  The instinct is to think about how the other will be taking advantage of you, isn’t it?  That’s the point.  We are moving toward the laying down of one’s life for the other.

The next directive is among the most demanding and difficult to practice.  Love your enemies.  And pray for those who persecute you.  To wrestle with this there must be in your memory a major affront or wounding.  Has anyone attempted to ruin your reputation?  Have you been destroyed by vicious rumor or innuendo?  As Job did, have you cried out in the night, Why me, God?  See that person clearly who did this to you, feel the pain again, and now hear Jesus’ command to love that person and pray for him.  Believe me, it can happen, but usually there will be a struggle and a need to die to yourself as you yield to the Spirit and learn what it means to love without any expectation of recompense.  That’s what Jesus did on the Cross in response to those who drove in the nails and lifted him up.

I will never forget reading about an amazing Christian couple that felt the demands of this text in their lives.  Their daughter and been murdered.  The killer had been apprehended, tried, convicted and sent to prison.  As the couple continued to pray and to go to church on Sunday they heard Jesus command them to turn the other cheek, to forgive the offense, and to love.  They determined to go to the prison and meet with the killer and to get to know him.  Over a period of time they did that and were surprised by their ability to forgive the heinous act and, wonder of wonders, come to love the one who took the life of their beloved daughter.  That’s not the end of the story, though.  When the man was granted parole, the couple invited him to come to live with them until he was able to find work and move on.  The last line brought tears to my eyes.  The killer had become like a son to them.

Who can do this?  A more basic question should be, who said discipleship would be easy?  That’s what the Catechumens should be asking themselves as they hear the Gospel proclaimed.  They are journeying through the Church Year in the midst of the Assembly.  And that is where they will find the answers to their questions.  The example of the Assembly will convince them that it is possible to turn the other cheek, to go the extra mile, to do good to those who hate you, and to pray for one’s persecutors.  But what is the secret of those who live this way?

The Catechumens are sent forth before the Eucharistic Prayer begins.
They are told that the Assembly looks forward to the day when they will join the Assembly at the Table.  The Assembly’s secret is their transformation through their celebration of the Eucharist.  It is through giving thanks to God through Jesus’ dying and rising, and through their taking and eating the Bread and the Wine, transformed into the Sacramental Presence of the Lord’s Body and Blood, that they find the way to love others as they are loved by God.

And that is the message the Assembly proclaims as they go forth to be Christ’s presence in the world even as they pray that the Catechumens will do as well, animated by the same Spirit.





A reading from the Book of Sirach 15:15-20

A reading from the first Letter of Saint Paul to the Corinthians 2:6-10

A reading from the holy Gospel according to Matthew 5:17-37


The mode of instruction continues in this week in the readings for the Sixth Sunday in Ordinary Time.  Sirach instructs regarding humankind’s freedom to choose between good and evil, death and life.  The best and clearest way to do this is to heed the Law and keep the Commandments.  Jesus, in the Gospel, instructs the searching crowds and the committed disciples about how they are to live as followers of the new way, as members of God’s Kingdom.  And, remembering last Sunday’s Gospel declaration about disciples being the salt of the earth and light of the world, even a few living in imitation of Christ will make all the difference in the world.

As you think about Sirach’s words you might come to the conclusion that he is saying that our freedom to choose is absolute.  Choose good.  Avoid evil.  Would that that were so.  For one thing, we believe in the effects of Original Sin, that as a result of the first bad decision, all are born compromised, as it were.  That flaw can make sin attractive.  Put succinctly and well by Saint Paul, we can constantly find ourselves not doing what we should and doing what we should not.  Hence the struggle to throw off the vestiges of sin and live as children of the light.

Cause can be made for the normal person’s freedom to choose, but contemporary psychology is telling us that many people are fundamentally flawed and not as free.  Think of the sociopath or the psychopath.  Learning about the disorders does not excuse the evils done, but it does point out the need for society to protect the disordered from themselves and the vulnerable from them.  Think of Ted Bundy, or Adolph Hitler, or any other person guilty of horrific deeds, and there is consolation in believing that the perpetrator was not entirely free.  The death penalty is not the answer.  Keeping perpetrators in safe places, be that imprisonment for the rest of their lives, might be.

The one truth that Sirach is proclaiming is that God is not the author of evil.  Nor is the devil made me do it always a valid excuse.  For better or worse, God has bestowed on us the freedom to choose, compromised as that choosing might be.  We have the responsibility to pray for the grace to always choose the good and reject the evil, and in so doing, we become the light that guides others on the right path.  Another truth we might harvest from our reflection is that none of us is in a position to judge another.  Only God knows the inner secrets of the human heart.

The second reading from Paul’s Letter to the Corinthians is an appropriate transition from the first reading to the Gospel.  Paul proclaims that to live as a follower of Christ will necessarily involve not living by what the world will sees as wisdom.  The Corinthians could not accept the Cross of Christ.  Paul believed that it is by the Cross of Christ that we are saved.  We find our freedom in the Cross.  The Cross takes us on the path that leads to what eye has not seen, and ear has not heard, and what has not entered the human heart… what God has prepared for those who love him.  Remember that many who looked on saw in the Crucifixion ultimate defeat.  We believe that Christ triumphed over death in his dying, and that he rose to new life, a life shared with us through our Baptism and will bring us to eternal life with Christ.

And so we come to the Gospel.  We sit before Jesus and are instructed in what it means to be a disciple and how we are to live as disciples.  First, notice that Jesus does not disparage the Law.  Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets.  Jesus teaches us that we are to go beyond the seeming limitations of the Law.  Jesus chastised the scribes and the Pharisees for their single-minded focus on the Law, their straining after gnats and ignoring the beam.  Here the Lord tells us what the Law proclaims and says that that is only the beginning.  You have heard it said… but I tell you.  Six times we will hear those phrases and six times we will hear that love demands more than the mere limitations set by the Law.

The Law says: Thou shalt not kill.  Jesus forbids anger and any exchange that would belittle or deny the dignity of the other.  If there is estrangement between two, repair that before entering into worship.

The Law says: You shall not commit adultery.  Jesus tells us that not only is physical adultery forbidden, but so are all thoughts and desires that are tantamount to adultery in the heart.  Such thoughts and desires are to be banished from the heart of a disciple.  And notice that Jesus says we are to take drastic measures of self-discipline to keep ourselves on the right path.  But note also that the seeming instruction to tear out the eye, or cut off a hand, is figurative.  (I remember reading the sad story of a young man who took this Gospel teaching literally and in order to quiet the forces of lust that he felt, cut off his right arm.  That is not what the Lord is advocating.)  But we are to discipline our thoughts and honor and respect the other, to love the other as Jesus loves.

Jesus’ teaching about marriage and divorce is absolute.  But you will notice that as soon as the absolute statement is made, there is a qualification given.  Jesus teaches the ideal.  The married should strive to live that ideal as people whose union speaks to the world of the union between Christ and the Church.  When that breaks down, then the reality needs to be resolved in light of the Gospel and within the community that is the Church.

The Law says: Do not take a false oath, but make good to the Lord all that you vow.  Jesus says the disciple must be a person of honor and therefore not one who needs to swear by heaven, or by Jerusalem, or by anything else.  Let your ‘Yes’ mean ‘Yes,” and your ‘No’ mean ‘No.’  There is no room for deception in the Community of the Faithful.

There is plenty to ponder in this Sunday’s readings, lots to pray about.  It is probably safe to say that some of us will find areas where we are not perfect, evidence that we are sinners.  The proclamation of the Word is not meant to cause us to despair if we find fault.  Rather, when we recognize that disparity between where we are and where Christ calls us to be, then we pray and ask for the grace and the courage to take the steps to root out from our lives what is contrary to the Gospel and says “Yes, Lord, if you lead the way.”

So the Assembly, most of us sinners, come to the Table to celebrate Eucharist.  This is the action that is the source and summit of all we do as church.  In the course of our prayer the bread and wine will be transformed.  In the course of our prayer the Assembly will be transformed.  In the course of our celebration we will take and eat, and take and drink, and find the strength to live the transformation so that we can go forth and be salt of the earth and a light to the world.

The Lord would not ask this of disciples were it not possible – with the help of grace and the Spirit.